How to Make Wedding Flowers
Learning how to make wedding flowers isn't as difficult as you think. Yes . . you must be a little creative and have an eye for color. But I'll show you some easy, basic design steps that will have you creating flowers in no time!
One of the most basic designs is generally a horizontal called by professional florists a "long and low". Whether or not it has candles is your choice. The design is meant to fit on a longer, rectangle shaped table and be low enough that the guests can see one another during dinner without blocking their view.
Another decision that the designer must make is the size. A rule of thumb to remember - the bigger and longer your make your greenery - the bigger the final arrangement will be. This is because the flowers should extend BEYOND the tips of the greenery background.
Using standard flowers, such as carnations, daisies, button pomps and spider mums, you can create a lovely piece that would be perfect for a wedding centerpiece.
OK . . . on to the basic steps of how to make wedding flowers!
Step 1: Green in the Centerpiece
Here the illustration uses leather leaf fern - a standard in most every flower shop. You have probably seen it in a bouquet of roses or other designs. Once you have a block of Oasis cut and soaked in water treated with floral food, cut it to fit in a long and low container. Anchor it with pottery tape. This is greening tape that resembles a thin cut duct tape. It holds up well - even in water conditions. Remember - as you learn how to make wedding flowers you'll find it easier if you use same products and tools as a professional.
Now begin cutting fronds off the leather leaf and inserting it into the wet foam. It is best to begin at the bottom and work your way up.
Note: I strongly recommend using a sharp florist knife. Scissors are a no-no for flowers (pinching the stems so water cannot travel upward) and it is much easier to cut a finger deeply with scissors. Just take my word for it!
Step 2: Insert the Focal Flowers
I suggest you put all of one type of flower in first, then all of the second, and so forth. This makes it so the flowers are evenly distributed over the design.
When I teach students how to make wedding flowers - I want them to have a critical eye on their designs. Remember - a good design should have DEPTH . . . that means not all flower heads are the same length. Varying the depth with give visual interest to your centerpiece.
Begin by putting in the FOCAL FLOWERS first - the ones that will grab the most attention. They are generally one of the larger flowers you will use. For the example, distribute evenly standard red carnation, being sure the stems are inserted deep into the Oasis. These are the flowers that will set the size of your centerpiece - so cut the stems so that they extend out the size you want.
Try not to put the stems in and out. It's important when you learn how to make wedding flowers to make only ONE insertion - that way the foam will maintain it's density and not crumble and degrade.
Step 3: Insert Secondary Flowers
Now insert the secondary flowers. These can also be large - but there is usually less of them. In this case, orange pomps are used. (Also well known as chrysanthemums). Notice that these flowers are just a hair in deeper than the focal flowers.
Step 4: Continue Adding Secondary Flowers
Now another secondary flower is used - this time placing bright yellow spider mums in place. Be sure to place equal flowers all around the arrangement. You can vary the depth on these. Not many will be needed - you don't want to overpower your focal flower.
Step 5: Add Filler Flowers
A designer must be able to judge the different between flowers. Filler flowers have much smaller heads, such a small daisies or button pomps - or even feathery look such as babies breath, small asters, limoneum and other "field" looking flowers. These are used to fill out the design.
You can usually decide on a filler flower because it has a lot more blooms on one stem than a large, focal flower does.
Here we are picking up small orange pomps (better known as daisies) in the design). Vary the length of these smaller blooms - some long and extended and others deep within the design.
We finish with a bright yellow pomp called a button mum. These are also commonly called "cushion mums" because of the shape. Note how the bright color fills out the design nicely and adds a nice touch.
The finish design is perfect. Well balanced in color, depth with the varying insertions of the flowers and the greenery fades into the background - not overpowering the flowers themselves.
All illustrations and photo are courtesy John Henry from Floral Design Techniques. Copyrighted with all rights reserved.
I hope you've enjoyed this short lesson on how to make wedding flowers. Be sure to check out my other designing tutorials.
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