Once all your roses are in place in your hand tied bouquet, you will need to cut the stems off shorter.
Please use either a knife or bunch cutters. Florist tools are created especially not to crush delicate flower cells. Mashing stems with regular scissors can cause the problem of the stems not being able to draw water up to the flower head.
Cut off to a length that is comfortable to hold, usually proportionate the the depth of the flower heads above.
Fill any final holes you see, because we are going to finish off with leather leaf around the perimeter of the bouquet.
Alright! The bouquet looks like it is nicely rounded and ready to be finished off with an outer frame of leather leaf fern!